Gum disease, also known as gingivitis refers to gums that are inflamed. When the gums become swollen due to inflammation, bleed easily, take on a dark red or reddish appearance, those are common symptoms of gum disease. Inflamed gums often bleed easily when the teeth are brushed, flossed or in severe cases, even touched.
How Does Gum Inflammation Start?
Dental plaque in the mouth that resides on the teeth or under the gums cause the gums to become swollen and inflamed. It forms through-out the day at different levels for different people. Dental plaque build-up is due to food particles that have not been removed from the mouth in a timely manner. Plaque build-up causes irritation to the gums which lead to gum inflammation, soft gums, and red gums that bleed easily. Eating certain foods may also cause the gums to bleed easily if they are harder in consistency. Patients who smoke regularly may not notice the symptoms of gum disease easily because smoking constricts blood flow to the gums.
How To Prevent Gum Disease
Even though gum disease can progress to a more serious dental issue known as periodontitis; it is easily manageable with proper and regular oral care.
While going to the dental office is essential to maintain your oral health, the effort you put in at home is what makes the most difference. Preventive care at home makes the most significant difference when it comes to oral health.
Flossing and brushing your teeth at least twice a day is recommended to clean your teeth and gums properly thoroughly. Brushing and flossing in the morning and before you go to bed is ideal. If you can only manage to floss once a day, ensure that you floss after your final meal, and before going to bed. In addition to regular oral home care, it is vital that flossing and brushing be done with the correct technique.
If you think you have gingivitis or inflamed gums, it is a good idea to see your dentist. Contact us to today to schedule your visit.